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Patrick Michael Rafter (born 28 December 1972, in Mount Isa, Australia) is a former World No. 1 tennis player from Australia. He was a two-time men's singles champion at the US Open, and a two-time runner-up at Wimbledon. Rafter was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006.
Rafter turned professional in 1991, and won his first career singles title in 1994 in Manchester, displaying a serve and volley style of tennis. Prior to 1997, this was the only ATP singles title he had won.
Rafter's breakthorugh on the tennis scene came in 1997, beginning at the French Open, where he reached the semifinals, falling in four sets to Sergi Bruguera. Later in the year at the US Open, he reached the final against Greg Rusedski (beating Andre Agassi and Michael Chang, among others, along the way) and won in four sets to claim his first Grand Slam title.
In 1998, he won back-to-back singles titles at the ATP Masters Series events in Canada and Cincinnati, a rare feat. (Only Andre Agassi, in 1995, and Andy Roddick, in 2003, have done the same.)
He defeated Richard Krajicek in the Canadian final to take his first AMS title, and then in Cincinnati he beat Guillaume Raoux, Todd Martin, Petr Korda, Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Pete Sampras to win there. All five of the players he beat in Cincinnati were in the Top 50, and three were in the Top 10: Korda (No. 4), Kafelnikov (No. 10) and Sampras (No. 2). The average ranking of all five players Rafter defeated in Cincinnati was just 18.8.
After Cincinnati, he reached the US Open final again and defeated fellow Aussie player Mark Philippoussis in four sets.
In July 1999, Rafter reached the world No. 1 men's singles ranking. He held it for just one week, however, making him the shortest-reigning world No. 1 in tour history. However, his ranking soon thereafter plummeted, as he lost in the 1st round of the US Open as the two-time defending champion (and having a ton of ranking points), and then fell victim to a shoulder injury. By the time he reached the Wimbledon final in July, 2000, his ranking had fallen to No. 52.
Rafter won the Australian Open men's doubles title in 1999 (partnering Jonas Björkman). He and Bjorkman also won doubles titles at the ATP Masters Series events in Canada (1999) and Indian Wells (1998).
In 2000, Rafter reached the men's singles final at Wimbledon. In the semifinals of the tournament, he faced Andre Agassi and won in what has been called one of the most thrilling matches ever seen at Wimbledon, particularly due to the clash of different playing styles between the two men. Rafter won in five sets, 7-5, 4-6, 7-5, 4-6, 6-3. Rafter faced Pete Sampras in the final, who was gunning for a record-breaking seventh Wimbledon title overall (and seven in the past eight years), and while Rafter made a strong start to the match and took the first set, after the match he would claim that he had "choked" part way through the second set, and was then not able to get back into his game. Sampras won in four sets.
In 2001, Rafter reached the semifinals of the Australian Open, but despite holding a two sets to one lead and having the support of the home crowd, Rafter lost the match to Andre Agassi in five sets, after succumbing to cramps so bad that he could barely run for the final two sets. Later in the year, Rafter also made the Wimbledon final again. Again, much like the previous year's tournament, he faced Andre Agassi in the semifinals, and won in yet another five-setter that arguably topped the drama provided by their previous year's encounter, 2-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-2, 8-6. In the final, he squared off against Goran Ivaniševic, who had reached the Wimbledon final three times before but had slid down the world rankings to No. 125 following injury problems. After a titanic five-set struggle, lasting just over three hours, Ivaniševic prevailed 6-3, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 9-7.
Rafter was on the Australian Davis Cup Team which lost in the final in 2000 (to Spain) and 2001 (to France). Ironically, he was unable to play in the 1999 Davis Cup final – where Australia beat France to win the cup – because of injury (though he won important matches in the earlier rounds to help the team qualify).
Rafter was on the Australian teams which won the World Team Cup in 1999 and 2001.
He retired from the professional tour at the end of 2002 after winning a total of 11 singles titles and 10 doubles titles. He returns to the courts annually to play World Team Tennis for the Philadelphia Freedoms.
Grand Slam singles finals
||6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
||6-3, 3-6, 6-2, 6-0
|| Pete Sampras
||7-6, 6-7, 4-6, 2-6
|| Goran Ivaniševic
||3-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-2, 7-9